Some roads and homes near the epicentre were damaged by landslides.
Some roads and homes near the epicentre were damaged by landslides, while communications were down in at least one area, state television reported.
No damage to dams and hydropower stations within 50 km (31 miles) of the epicentre was reported, although damage to the provincial grid had affected power to about 40,000 end-users.
The epicentre was at the town of Luding, the China Earthquake Networks Centre said, in the mountains about 226 km southwest of Chengdu.
Earthquakes are common in the southwestern province of Sichuan, especially in its mountains in the west, a tectonically active area along the eastern boundary of the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau.
Laura Luo, who lives in Chengdu, a city of about 21 million people, was on her way to her apartment block when she saw people rushing out of their high-rise homes in panic after getting earthquake warnings on their phones.
"There were many people who were so terrified they started crying," the international PR consultant told Reuters.
"All the dogs started barking. It was really quite scary," she said, referring to when the quake began.
In Luding, the quake was so strong it was hard for some people to remain standing, while cracks appeared on some houses, the China News Service reported.
A total of 39,000 people live within 20 km of the epicentre and 1.55 million within 100km.
Video clips on social media showed lights swinging while people rushed out of buildings into the streets.
Four of the seven people killed were in Luding.
A total of 39,000 people live within 20 km of the epicentre and 1.55 million within 100 km, according to state television.
The quake was Sichuan's biggest since August 2017, when one of magnitude 7.0 hit the Aba prefecture.
The most powerful Sichuan earthquake on record was in May 2008, when a magnitude 8.0 quake centred in Wenchuan killed almost 70,000 people and caused extensive damage.
Monday's quake was also felt in the provinces of Yunnan, Shaanxi and Guizhou hundreds of kilometres away, according to state media.
Chengdu resident Samantha Yang, 23, was in bed about to take a nap when the quake struck.
"The building kept shaking, each time more severely than before," Yang said. "Truly, this was the scariest one since the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake."