Magdalena Andersson, ulf kristofferson
Niklas Pollard, Reuters
Tough talks and trade-offs await the winning side in Swedenâ€™s parliamentary elections with the governing centre-left and their right-wing challengers facing weeks of uncertainty should they come out on top. Opinion polls ahead of the Sept. 11 vote show Social Democrat Magdalena Andersson and her allies running neck-and-neck with a right-wing bloc where Ulf Kristersson, leader of the conservative Moderates, is the main candidate to unseat her as prime minister. Andersson, the first woman to become Swedish prime minister after Stefan Lofven unexpectedly stepped down last year, is more popular than her own party and the political leader most trusted among voters, opinion polls show.Still, the four-party centre-left bloc that would favour her as prime minister is only loosely aligned, even if the Social Democrats are by far the biggest player.
Meanwhile, their allies the Greens have been polling dangerously close to the 4% threshold to win Riksdag seats, as have the rightâ€™s Liberals, adding uncertainty. On the right, Kristerssonâ€™s Moderates are vying with the anti-immigration populists of the Sweden Democrats to be the biggest party of that bloc. Recent polls show the Sweden Democrats running ahead of the Moderates, raising doubts about Kristerssonâ€™s plans to become prime minister in coalition with the Christian Democrats, but with Sweden Democrat and Liberal support in parliament.
Kristersson, a career politician for years eclipsed by former Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt, who championed a more centrist and pro-immigration agenda, has said he is the only leader capable of uniting the right. â€œIt wonâ€™t be easy, but it is totally doable,â€ Kristersson told Reuters on the campaign trail in Gothenburg. â€œWe are already sitting down together and we can talk to each other.â€ Yet the strong support for Jimmie Akessonâ€™s Sweden Democrats, founded decades ago in part by activists with neo-Nazi and white supremacist links, make them increasingly hard to ignore when considering a right-wing government.
Gang violence, with shootings spreading out of the main cities, has taken centre stage in the campaign with all sides pledging to further tighten legislation and expand the police force. The Sweden Democrats, above all, link crime with the influx of immigrants over the past decades. Roughly 20% of Swedenâ€™s 10.5 million inhabitants were born abroad, according to government statistics, with Syrians the largest group.
Sweden has clamped down on immigration since the 2015 refugee crisis, under two straight terms of Social Democrat rule. The right would go further, especially the Sweden Democrats who have listed 30 reforms they say would cut asylum approvals to almost zero. In recent months, soaring inflation has lifted the cost of living crisis to the top of the agenda.
Anderssonâ€™s government has pledged 90 billion crowns ($8.4 billion) in compensation to households and companies for sky-high energy prices while the right also has plans to soften the blow in the short term and build more nuclear reactors. Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO following Russiaâ€™s invasion of Ukraine in a move backed by nearly all parties after the Social Democrats dropped their 73-year opposition, removing the issue from the election agenda. As Sweden contends with multiple crises â€” the Ukraine war, soaring inflation and energy costs, and rapidly greening the economy â€” any government will be looked to for stability, something which may be in short supply even after election day. For the Social Democrats, the challenge will be to reconcile the conflicting demands of its centre-left bloc. The bloc includes the formerly Communist Left Party, whose leader demands a seat in government, and the centre-right Centre Party, which has ruled out supporting a cabinet that includes the Left or negotiating budgets with them.
On the right, the picture is equally uncertain. The Liberals have ruled out backing a government that includes the Sweden Democrats, who in turn have demanded influence over policy commensurate with their size in a written agreement, unless they are invited into cabinet.