An Israeli soldier walks past armoured Israeli military vehicles in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. File/Reuters
The strike also caused material damage, it added in a statement posted on Facebook.
Earlier, the Syrian state news agency said the missiles were launched from Tiberias, adding that most of them were shot down by Syrian air defences.
An Israeli military spokesperson declined to comment on the reported strike.
For several years, Israel has been mounting attacks on what it has described as Iranian-linked targets in Syria, where Tehran-backed forces, including Lebanon's Hezbollah, have put down a presence since deploying to help President Bashar al-Assad in the Syrian civil war which broke out in 2011.